px 25px auto; padding: 0px; font-family: Merriweather; font-size: 1.125rem; text-rendering: optimizeLegibility; line-height: 1.6; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); position: relative; background-color: rgb(249, 249, 249);">Although UNESCO is unable to work directly on the ground in Syria, it’s working with art markets and national governments, including archeology groups in Syria, to do what it can.

This involves mobilizing countries to restrict illicit trade, holding workshops for neighboring countries on protecting artifacts, tracking the art market and alerting nations of the coordinates of protected sites to avoid targeting in potential strikes.

According to Aparna Tandon, a project specialist at the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), import restrictions are generally helpful in reducing the incentive to loot, but internal efforts are needed as well.

ICCROM has contact with heritage professionals still in Syria and is working on community policing and dissemination of information to local residents. ICCROM and its regional program ATHAR also run workshops and training in heritage rescue.

Archeology groups across the globe are documenting sites and damages in Syria.

The AIA is working on gathering all groups to coordinate their collective work.

American governmental groups are also involved. The US Department of State signed a $600,000 agreement with the American Schools of Oriental Research to document historical sites in Syria last year.

Additionally, the FBI put out a notice in August warning against buying antiquities looted by ISIS.

US Immigration and Customs Enforcement are vital to stop trade in America. In order to be effective, border patrol must be trained to identify Syrian artifacts.

There are many factions involved in limiting the illicit trade that is destroying history and benefitting ISIS.  The proposed bill would help coordinate and bring central leadership to the various American efforts while reducing a major market.

Although the American government may be slow to act on this, Moore recognizes a positive shift in public attitude.

He’s noted an increase in public awareness and care for cultural heritage, regardless of what country it’s located in, stating:

We are all inheritors of the record of the past and it speaks to us directly today. I think people are feeling that more broadly now than ever before.